The Mammals of Birmingham and the Black Country

 

A remarkable proportion of the UK’s wild mammals are to be found within Birmingham and the Black Country. From red deer to the tiny harvest mouse and pygmy shrew there is remarkable diversity, and the situation is changing all the time. 

 

Over the next couple of months we're planning to focus on the Mammals of Birmingham & the Black Country.  We’ve decided to do this as there are currently Mammal Atlases in production for both Worcestershire and Warwickshire vice-counties so focusing on capturing recent mammal records for Birmingham and the Black Country is key to making sure the area is well-represented!  We hope that this exercise will also allow us to produce an updated set of maps for each of the mammal species in B&BC.

 

Having recent records for the various mammal species will also be useful for giving us an idea of their distribution across the Birmingham and the Black Country conurbation.

 

In 2003, along with B&BC Wildlife Trust, we produced a provisional atlas of The Mammals of Birmingham and the Black Country – available to view and download here.

 

Recording effort varies significantly across different species and while Mice, voles and shrews are poorly recorded, chiefly due to the need for live-trapping, the most ‘common’ species in terms of number of records on our database is the Common Pipistrelle bat – undoubtedly partly due to of the high levels of expert recording directed at bat species.

 

Most Recorded Mammals in B&BC

 


 

There are 37 species of wild mammal recorded in Birmingham and the Black Country:

 


Bats - Chiroptera

 

Bats - 12 species

Serotine Brandt's Bat Daubenton's Bat

Serotine  

Eptesicus serotinus

Brandt's Bat  

Myotis brandtii

Daubenton's Bat  

Myotis daubentonii

Whskered Bat Natterer's Bat Lesser Noctule

Whiskered Bat  

Myotis mystacinus

Natterer's Bat  

Myotis nattereri

Lesser Noctule  

Nyctalus leisleri

Noctule Nathusius's Pipistrelle Common Pipistrelle

Noctule

Nyctalus noctula

Nathusius's Pipistrelle

Pipistrellus nathusii

Common Pipistrelle 

Pipistrellus pipistrellus

Soprano Pipistrelle Brown Long-eared Bat Lesser Horseshoe Bat

Soprano Pipistrelle

Pipistrellus pygmaeus

Brown Long-eared Bat -

Plecotus auritus

Lesser Horseshoe Bat

Rhinolophus hipposideros

 

Useful Links

See also our page on bat recording

 

Rodents - Rodentia

 

Mice – 4 species

Yellow-necked Mouse Wood Mouse Harvest Mouse

Yellow-necked Mouse

Apodemus flavicollis

Wood Mouse

Apodemus sylvaticus

Harvest Mouse

Micromys minutus 

House Mouse    

House Mouse

Mus musculus

   

 


 

Rats – 1 species

 Brown Rat

Brown Rat 

Rattus norvegicus

 


 

Voles – 3 species

Water Vole Field Vole Bank Vole

European Water Vole 

Arvicola amphibius

Field Vole

Microtus agrestis

Bank Vole

Myodes glareolus

 


 

Squirrels – 1 species

 Grey Squirrel

Grey Squirrel

Sciurus carolinensis

 

Hedgehogs, Moles and Shrews - Eulipotyphla 

 

Hedgehogs – 1 species

Hedgehog

West European Hedgehog

Erinaceus europaeus

 


 

 Shrews - 3 species

Water Shrew Common Shrew Pygmy Shrew

Water Shrew

Neomys fodiens

Common Shrew

Sorex araneus

Pygmy Shrew 

Sorex minutus

 


 

 

Moles - 1 species

European Mole

European Mole

Talpa europaea

 

Rabbits and Hares - Lagomorpha

 

Hares – 1 species

Brown Hare

Brown Hare

Lepus europaeus

 


 

 

Rabbits - 1 speces

European Rabbit

European Rabbit

Oryctolagus cuniculus

 

Carnivorans - Carnivora

 

Mustelids – 6 Species (plus 1 sub-species)

European Otter Badger Stoat

European Otter

Lutra lutra

Eurasian Badger

Meles meles

Stoat

Mustela erminea

Weasel Polecat Feral Ferret

Weasel

Mustela nivalis

Polecat

Mustela putorius

Feral Ferret

Mustela putorius subsp. furo

American Mink    

American Mink

Neovison vison

   

 


 

 

Canids- 1 species

Red Fox

Red Fox

Vulpes vulpes 

 

 

Even-toed ungulates - Artiodactyla

 

Deer - 3 species

Roe Deer Red Deer - male Muntjac

Roe Deer

Capreolus capreolus

Red Deer  

Cervus elaphus

 Muntjac  

Muntiacus reevesi

 


Image Credits:

Serotine by Mnolf - Photo taken in Rum, Tirol, Austria, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Brandt's Bat by N.Vėlavičienė, uploaded to lt.wikipedia by Algirdas in September 2004 - from lt:Vaizdas:Myotis_brandtii3.JPG, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Daubenton's Bat CC BY-SA 2.5, Link Whiskered Bat by Stefan Didam - Schmallenberg - Self-photographed, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Natterer's Bat by Guido Gerding - Personal photograph taken by Author, URL: Ex :: Natura - Freies Portal für Umweltbildung (Environmental Education), CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Lesser Noctule by Manuel Werner, Nürtingen, AG Fledermausschutz Baden-Württemberg - de:Bild:Leisleri.JPG, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Noctule by Mnolf - Photo taken in Rum, Austria, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Nathusius's Pipistrelle by Mnolf - Photo taken in Rum, Austria, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Common Pipistrelle by Barracuda1983 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Soprano Pipistrelle by Evgeniy Yakhontov - Page - Image, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Brown Long-eared Bat CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Lesser Horseshoe Bat by F. C. Robiller / naturlichter.de - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Yellow-necked Mouse by Vojtech.dostal - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Wood Mouse by © Hans Hillewaert / , CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Harvest Mouse by Llez - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link House Mouse by 4028mdk09 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Brown Rat by Reg Mckenna - originally posted to Flickr as Wild Rat, CC BY 2.0, Link Water Vole by Sarah (Flickr: Water vole - Arvicola amphibius 2b) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons Field Vole by Manuel R. - Own work, CC BY 3.0, Link Bank Vole by Evan James Shymko - Own work, CC BY 3.0, Link Grey Squirrel by Ken Thomas - KenThomas.us(personal website of photographer), Public Domain, Link Hedgehog by Jörg Hempel, CC BY-SA 2.0 de, Link Water Shrew by Wildlife Wanderer, CC BY-SA 2.0 de, Link Common Shrew by Manuel R. - Own work, CC BY 3.0, Link Pygmy Shrew by Importé sur Commons par Salix. Sur Flikr par Polandeze - Flickr : original page, CC BY 2.0, Link European Mole by Mikiwikipikidikipedia at en.wikipedia, CC BY 2.5, Link European Hare by Hans-Jörg Hellwig - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link European Rabbit by JJ Harrison (jjharrison89@facebook.com) - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link European Otter by Bernard Landgraf - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Eurasian Badger by Chris. P - Flickr: Badger 25-07-09, CC BY 2.0, Link Stoat by Keven Law from Los Angeles, USA - Hello World..., CC BY-SA 2.0, Link Weasel by Ainalem from Ballycastle, Co. Antrim - Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.5, Link Polecat Peter Trimming - Mrs PolecatUploaded by Mariomassone, CC BY 2.0, Link Feral Ferret by Luciano Bernardi - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link American Mink by Mink_in_the_park.jpg: qmnonicderivative work: Mariomassone (talk) - Mink_in_the_park.jpg, CC BY 2.0, Link Red Fox Link Roe Deer by Andreas Eichler, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link Red Deer CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Muntjac by sarefo - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link